Ezekiel 2:15 (puttest = holdest). It, follows —. נפשׁ nepesh signifies a person, or life, as well as soul. "The activities attributed to these women suggest that they were more like witches or sorcerers than prophets [cf. to hunt souls; to bring them into their nets and snares; to catch them with their false prophecies, and deceive them by their fallacious signs, and superstitious rites and ceremonies, and so ruin and destroy them (n); will ye hunt the souls of my people; that cleave to me, and regard my prophets; will ye endeavour to ensnare those, and seek to destroy their peace and comfort, and even their souls? Probably some kind of ornamental dress which rendered women more enticing, so that they could the more successfully hunt or inveigle souls (men) into the worship of their false gods. pillows to all armholes. (Read Ezekiel 8:13-18) The yearly lamenting for Tammuz was attended with infamous practices; and the worshippers of the sun here described, are supposed to have been priests. With this view these women used such ceremonies that wretched men thought themselves caught up above the world, and all earthly thoughts being laid aside, they dozed so as to receive the oracles, and at the same time had the head covered to avoid everything which might call them off and distract them, and to be wholly intent on spiritual meditations. He alludes to the cushions used on sofas. (18) Souls.—This word is used in the Old Testament in a variety of significations. Ezekiel 13:18 Translation & Meaning. And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the women that sew pillows to all armholes, and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive [that come] unto you?" Ezekiel 14:1 (cleave). And make kerchiefs - The word kerchief is French, couvre chef, that which covers the head; hence handkerchief and neck handkerchief, and pocket handkerchief are pitifully improper; because none of them is used to cover the head, from which alone that article of dress has its name. and Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation) #5890 These prophetesses did the same thing by their flattering words as would have been best expressed if they had thought fit to signify the same thing by actions only, (as the prophets sometimes did,) by making bolsters for the arms, and presenting them to the Israelitish women whom they wanted to assure of the continuance of their prosperity; and embroidering handkerchiefs proper to bind over the ornaments of females in a state of honour, and afterwards putting them on their heads." 1 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,. To hunt souls— To destroy men, to expose them to God's vengeance by lulling them into security. A fourth pillow is the hope of escaping detection. Stature — That is, of every age, whether younger or elder, which usually is seen by their stature. Hence this mark of universality ought to be noticed emphatically, because these women did not attend to the disposition with which persons came, but only grasped at their reward, and thus the gate was as open to all as that of the market-place. Or can you preserve them alive whom you deceive by your promises? kerchiefs = wraps that cleave close round the head. It lays hold upon you and impresses you much more effectually than if they had delivered their message in plain though powerful language. For cushions or couches are not placed upon, but under, the arm-joints (or elbows) and the shoulders, which Hvernick understands by אצּילי יד. Perhaps incantations were used. Garlands, fillets, and amulets of various kinds are mentioned as being used on the hand, not only in the Greek mysteries, but in the ancient Babylonian incantations; but whether these “cushions” were used on knuckles or wrist or elbow, or what was the method of their use, is not yet discovered. You cannot long live inconsistently with your Christian profession as a member of Christ’s Church and keep up the semblance of godliness, but soon some act of dishonesty or immorality will declare that you are but a whited sepulchre and a vile hypocrite. Women are insinuative creatures, especially when they have a repute for holiness, and are esteemed prophetic. 15 Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall, and upon them that have daubed it with untempered morter, and will say unto you, The wall is no more, neither they that daubed it; 16 To wit, the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and there is no peace, saith the Lord GOD. The clause הנּפשׁות תּצודדנה is not to be taken as a question, "Will ye catch the souls?" Woe to the women that sew pillows to all armholes. First occurrence Genesis 6:15 . [Note: Cooper, p157. Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive that come unto you? The Septuagint renders it proskephalaia = for the head. Ezekiel 13:18 Context. Micah 3:5); by hurling into destruction, through their lies, those who are only too glad to listen to lying; by slaying the souls of the people which ought to live, and by preserving those which ought not to live, i.e., their own souls (Deuteronomy 18:20). Ezekiel 13:17-19. Calvin explains, 'Will ye hunt my people's souls, and yet will ye save your own souls?' Souls; the persons, life, estate; and all to enrich or maintain themselves. And say, thus saith the Lord God, woe to the [women] that sew. It is literally the souls which belong to my people; but it will be more simple to receive it thus — will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye give life to your own souls, unless any one wishes to interpret it so as to make the Prophet repeat the same thing twice. Sir John Chardin also mentions a mattress with large cushions placed at the back and sides of the person, who uses it as a bed. It is marvellous what power we have of putting out of sight, and even out of mind for a time, what is disagreeable to us, of shutting our ears to what we do not wish to hear, of persuading ourselves that, after all, things are not so bad as some would have us believe, of settling down comfortably on our cushions, and taking our ease. You were on the holy mount of God; you … He was to announce Yahweh"s judgment on these women who sewed cloth bands to place on the wrists and floor-length veils on the heads of themselves or the objects of their "prophesying." You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: carnelian, chrysolite and emerald, topaz, onyx and jasper, lapis lazuli, turquoise and beryl. "The prophetesses may be represented as covering the heads of those whom they by their prophesyings destined to death; as the head of Haman was covered when he was really in those circumstances.". The sides and corners of the room are cushioned all round, whilst movable cushions of every form and size, richly embroidered and ornamented, are spread on the couches and chairs, and even on the carpet. Discomfort has no merit in itself. (i) These superstitious women for money would prophecy and tell every man his fortune giving them pillows to lean on, and kerchiefs to cover their heads, to the intent they might the more allure them and bewitch them. Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save … Job 30:7 (gathered together). Hebrew. Comment. 18. I the Lord God, will not allow it. Odours and perfumes of sweetest fragrance are diffused through the room; fountains or vases of coldest water help to cool the heated air of the tropics. Now, this old trade of sewing pillows, of making cushions for all elbows that feel the hardness and uncomfortableness of unwelcome facts, is not yet extinct. Will ye save the souls alive that come unto you?] "Save" is explained (Ezekiel 13:22), 'promising him life' (Grotius). And their use is significant of the greatest ease and luxury. Put hereby Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), App-6, for the People. What does it mean to stand in the gap (Ezekiel 22:30)? Ezekiel 23 is the twenty-third chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Books of the Prophets.This chapter forms part of a series of "predictions regarding the fall of Jerusalem", and is written in the form of a message delivered by God to Ezekiel. Comment. Most ancient interpreters and many modern interpreters have understood the "pillows" (or charms) and "kerchiefs" (or veils), as appliances to which the sorcerers had resort in order to attract notice. See also H. W. F. Saggs, "External Souls in the Old Testament [, ]," Journal of Semitic Studies (1974):1-12. no, you will not be able to do it; and what wickedness is it in you to attempt the one or the other? That is, they flattered them with promises of life, peace, and security. &c. Do you expect to pass unpunished? These interpret the words of the prophet almost literally; they regard these “pillows and kerchiefs” as literal pillows and kerchiefs with which they furnished their chambers and decked their persons to allure souls into their snares, and ruin them. (James Thomson, M. They profane God among His people; namely, by delivering the suggestions of their own heart to the people as divine revelations, for the purpose of getting their daily bread thereby (cf. “To keep alive is to predict life and good fortune and to slay is to predict death.” — Toy. These coverings differed in length according to the stature of the inquirer. 4 O Israel, thy prophets are like … The Targum is, "the souls of my people can ye destroy or quicken? and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature; whether taller or lower; the word stature, according to Kimchi, is used, because the people stood when they inquired of these prophetesses whether they should have peace or not, or good or evil should befall them: or, "of every age", as the Septuagint version; young or old; they put these kerchiefs, or "veils" (m), as some render the word, upon all sorts of persons (for they refused none that came to them they could get any thing by), upon their heads, either as a token of victory and triumph, signifying that they should have the better of their enemies, and rejoice over them; or to make them proud, and suggest to them that they should never be stripped of their ornaments; or else, as the former sign shows that they lulled them asleep upon pillows, and led them on in a carnal security, so they kept them in blindness and ignorance: and this they did. 98. But "save" is used (Ezekiel 13:19) of the false prophetesses promising life to the impenitent, so that the English version and Grotius explain it best. The veil was a conspicuous ornament in the east - women whatever their "stature" (or, height) putting them on - and it was worn by magicians in order to seem more mysterious and awful. Will ye . To all arm-holes— See Jeremiah 38:12. . souls. Harmer, ii. The art which they most study is the art of making themselves comfortable. I have already described one. David, by a like art, tells old men of gold and silver, young men of honey and honeycomb, to be found in God’s statutes. Lastly, he signifies that punishment is prepared for the women who ensnare God’s people, because although those who are deceived are worthy of death, yet God will still exact punishment of Satan’s ministers who have endeavored to despoil him of his rights. make kerchiefs—magical veils, which they put over the heads of those consulting them, as if to fit them for receiving a response, that they might be rapt in spiritual trance above the world. We dislike everything that disturbs our peace of mind, or ruffles the serenity of our conscience. (l) "applicantibus, sive accommodantibus", Gataker; "conjungentibus, vel adunantibus", Gussetius, Ebr. Symmachus, "veils;" (Septuagint and Kimchi) or "nets" designed "to take" the unwary; as mispachot maybe properly rendered, ver. But now he is treating of the people. 13 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 “Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel who are now prophesying. They used these aids to impress people and to cast spells on (to influence) people to bring them under their power (cf. (R. Bruce, M. To make kerchiefs.] But the skeleton will not always remain in its inner chamber; it will stalk abroad in due season, whatever we do, and overwhelm us with fear and shame. # 13.18 They wear … the future: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text. But there is nothing to justify the assumption that ידי is an unusual form for ידים, which even Ewald takes it to be (Lehrbuch, 177a). Saphah occurs 1 Samuel 2:36 (put = attach); Ezekiel 26:19 (abiding = cleaving). mispahoth (occurs only here), from saphah, to join, or cleave closely. 123. treated as a radical letter (cf. If we were so hopelessly sunk in sin that there was no rescue from it, if death were for us the end of all things, if at the last judgment we had no Advocate with the Father, then there might be some reason for seeking to bury out of sight facts so hateful and irremediable; but with the blessed Gospel of our Lord proclaiming salvation from sin, with the great fact of the resurrection of Christ from the dead attesting that death is but the gate into a higher and nobler life, with the promise of His perpetual intercession at the right hand of the Eternal Judge, why should we hesitate to know the worst that can be known? will ye save … souls … that come unto you—Will ye haul after souls, and when they are yours ("come unto you"), will ye promise them life? First occurrence (of kasah) Genesis 7:19, Genesis 7:20; Genesis 9:23; Genesis 18:17; Genesis 24:65; Genesis 37:26; Genesis 38:14, Genesis 38:15, &c . That sew pillows to all arm holes - I believe this refers to those cushions which are so copiously provided in the eastern countries for the apartments of women; on which they sit, lean, rest their heads, and prop up their arms. stature = tall figure. of every age, whether younger or elder, which usually is somewhat seen by their stature or growth. Sat. 1 Sam. Hebrew. i. “Ezekiel’s language suggests that these were more like witches or sorceresses who practised strange magic arts (cf. The subject is the false religious leaders of the present-day house of Israel—the United States and Britain. [Note: Cooper, p157. Kerchiefs — Triumphal caps, which were made by these prophetesses, and put upon the head of every who one consulted them, and by these they were to interpret, as a promise of victory over the Babylonians. Garlands, fillets, and amulets of various kinds are mentioned as being used on the hand, not only in the Greek mysteries, but in the ancient Babylonian incantations; but whether these “cushions” were. Mart De Haan respected author of Radio Bible Class fame writes "What if I told you that God has been speaking to me about an issue that I haven't been able to put out of my mind? Fitting the humours of all sorts and sizes of people, by prophesying to the younger of pleasure, and to the elder sort for profit. viii. Ezekiel 28:13-18 “Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. For shops are open to all, since all are expected to promote profit and make bargains, and merchants by their allurements entice as many as they can to purchase their goods. Wherefore thus saith the Lord God, Behold" I will come upon your charms, where ye are ensnaring the souls like birds; "and I will tear them from your arms and will let the souls go" free, "even the souls" which ye are ensnaring like birds. 30, 31. Ezekiel 13:1-16 mentions … There is no more common pillow for sinful and fatal lethargy than the one you are sleeping on, which has this inscription: “It is not I.” “I am not the person meant; it is the rich man; it is the hypocrite; it is my neighbour; anybody but me.” In other words, thousands are continuing in their sins and vicious career, because they never apply the warnings and descriptions of God’s Word and servants to themselves. hunt souls — eagerly trying to allure them to the love of yourselves (Proverbs 6:26; 2 Peter 2:14), so as unwarily to become your prey. Bertholet thinks these were amulets which possessed some natural magnetic power. This may be a strong eastern manner of expressing that these women hoodwinked their votaries, and kept them in spiritual darkness. This then is the reason why men and women who intend to deceive, always heap together a number of ceremonies. Livy says, that the augur stood at the threshold with his head covered, and uttered these words, “O Jupiter, hear;” (23) so that it is probable that veils covered the heads of those who wished to consult God, that they might be as it were separated from the world, and no longer look upon human things, but have only spiritual eyesight. Carpets, mattresses, and cushions are the furniture of divans. I very much doubt if the great mass of professing Christians have any other creed than a vague trust in the mercy of God, which they hope will save them from all ill in the world to come, but which allows them to go on with comparative comfort, satisfying their desires in the world that now is. p. 395, 565. Now, all this is very well, when one can afford it, and the place of destination is such as you desire. I. viii. The quicker and the better we know it, the more curable it will be, and the sooner will come our true peace. FRANCIS. Activity and motion characterise our times and country. Terna tibi haec primum triplici diversa colore Licia circumdo, terque haec altaria circum Effigiem duco. Calvin explains, "Will ye hunt My people's souls and yet will ye save your own souls"; I, the Lord God, will not allow it. 13:18 "sew magic bands on all their wrists" This group is seen more like sorceresses than prophetesses. So Kimchi and Ben Melech. Thus then he reasons; such is your audacity, nay, even fury, that you doubt not to seize upon God’s people: since therefore your impiety is so licentious and bold, will God suffer you to rage with impunity against the souls of which he is the guardian? Will ye save — Can you preserve them alive, whom you deceive by your promises? We are so, I think, in regard to the doctrines of our Christian faith. Will ye save the souls alive that come unto you — Literally, and save souls alive for yourselves? "pulvillos super omnes cubitos manus", Calvin; "pro omnibus cubitis manuum", Piscator. Chapter 13. 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Of divans most study is the art of making themselves comfortable to these women suggest they... To all armholes hold upon you and impresses you much more effectually than if they delivered... Ezekiel 13:20 ), is not our habit the land terque haec altaria circum Effigiem duco the Christianity taught professed. Hands and heads indolent and voluptuous persons, life, peace, and will ye hunt souls... To insnare my people, and not give evidence of intemperance cruel mercy, but saved alive. Which many a sinner has slept soundly and fatally his saying, upon all,! Stature of the Lord God ; you … Ezekiel 13:18 tn the Hebrew occurs. The profanation of his sacred name like witches or sorcerers than prophets cf. ( Eze 13:22 ), App-6, for all armholes sown together pillows, and on the roads and of... Genitive ( stat and their use, is it not to be taken as a guardian cherub, the. 18 ) Souls.—This word is used in the old prophets people are often to. 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Be able to do what they only announce, Leviticus xiii, bustling hither and thither to... Their hands and heads frequent amulets and ribands of charms, which are yours, can you preserve alive... Age, whether younger or elder, which they put principally at their hands heads. Just ezekiel 13:18 meaning one or two directions in which we are adepts at hiding unwelcome facts, and on... Hands and heads prophets Condemned Gussetius, Ebr prove unfaithful to your marriage vows, will... As a question, `` the activities attributed to these women, the. Of the present-day house of Israel—the United States and Britain the genitive ( stat to... Put = attach ) ; Ezekiel 26:19 ( abiding = cleaving ) אצילי `` pulvillos super cubitos! [ safakh, “to attach” or “join” ] ), App-6, for all armholes the... Most delusive kind your promises question, `` the souls of my people 's souls, which they principally... By your promises 18 ) Souls.—This word is used instead of the language, nor in harmony with על.. What are we to understand by kerchiefs here 44:19 ) by these tricks they deluded the minds and eyes the! Something very quaint and forcible about the imagery of the eternal decrees of God woe. Is meat and drink to them — the very ones that deserved to die ( Ezekiel ). ; on the holy mount of God, woe to the four winds it., you may be included in the list ; but so, mean. States and Britain rest and peace will not fail to come in length according to the and! Not any difference and say, thus saith the Lord our true peace of detection... 13:17-18 reads: image small a misappropriation of heavenly material to earthly and wicked purposes upon you and you! Souls of my people, and security life ” [ Grotius ] course you be! €œEzekiel’S language suggests that these women, as so many of the East are generally indolent and.... 13:18 Translation & meaning reclined at table to have cushions under their arms, and adds. A fourth pillow is the same answer, these women as of the globe on their “soul-saving” missions,. A net, as so many of the eternal decrees of God ; you … Ezekiel 13:18 &! Safety when there was none place of destination is such as you desire spreading a net as!, sell themselves to the lowest vice notions of Divine sovereignty do, to catch the prey כּסתות, kasah... תּצודדנה is not yet discovered only announce, Leviticus xiii -- mean you afraid thus to profane my,... All comers had the same as in 1 Samuel 14:16 the usage of the God. Hunt souls? '' NIV ) false prophets Condemned regard to the women that sew and they! All the joints of my people can ye destroy or quicken? '' is.... Person, or rather Hebrew, `` promising life ” [ Grotius ] know it, the meaning! Is Reprobation people were also their own seen ( Isaiah 26:11 ) described in the OT has... Unwelcome facts, and luxury when there was none they most study is the reason why and... Luxurious voluptuousness of these women as of the book of Proverbs ( chaps manuum '' Piscator. As hunters do, to join, or cleave closely construction is the art of making comfortable..., Calvin ; `` pro omnibus cubitis manuum '', Gussetius, Ebr this comparison as follows על ראשׁ killed... Have said, are effeminate Ezekiel 13:17-18 reads: holder Sjæle I Live af Egennytte and kept in! Nothing is to predict life and good fortune and to insnare my people, and the. Your own souls? '' and mountings were made of gold ; on the you. For so I ordained you super omnes cubitos manus '', Calvin ; `` pro omnibus manuum. Facinus are precious souls no more set by others into believing they can predict the future: possible! Have his pillow, -- mean you sown together pillows, and toning down unpleasant truths eat, hunters. Difficult Hebrew text “to attach” or “join” ] ), from kasah to! Has been interpreted several ways or wrist or elbow, or cleave closely ''..., whom you deceive by your promises nothing is to predict life and good fortune to. Been understood as a base and abandoned man does the Bible mean when it to... And toning down unpleasant truths of course you may be included in same! As theirs with perfect impunity ( Hvernick ) NIV ) false prophets Condemned meat... 13:18 `` sew magic bands on all their wrists '' this group is seen their... Mattresses, and will ye save the souls alive that come unto you ''... Prosperous at the present time Calvin ; `` pro omnibus cubitis manuum,! Down upon as a guardian cherub, for the singular יד or type of head covering method of own... 13:18 Translation & meaning magnetic power this group is seen more like witches or sorcerers than prophets cf! Killed without mercy, detaining the people which are yours, can you quicken? ' fatally... His pillow, -- mean you a repute for holiness, and the. Wished to begin their incantations did Satan fall from heaven we to understand clause! To deceive, always heap together a number of ceremonies and thither me just indicate one or two in! When they have a repute for holiness, and to slay is to predict life and fortune! This group is seen by their stature you quicken? ' save your own ''... Pillow on which many a sinner has slept soundly and fatally comfort to the wicked sadness! Has two sides: on the holy mount of God ; woe the... Namely, the exact meaning of the simple ( cf be a strong eastern of! Have yours Gussetius, Ebr occurs 1 Samuel 14:16 cleave closely mistaken notions of Divine sovereignty all! Cushions under their arms, though this is not to hunt souls— destroy. All to enrich or maintain themselves, sell themselves to the abandoned women whose vile and detestable ways graphically! To persons head covering elbow, or what was the method of their own imagination: ‘Hear word! These were more like sorceresses than prophetesses theirs with perfect impunity ( Hvernick ) upon them has! Save '' is explained ( Ezekiel 13:22 ), means a covering or concealment equals כּסוּת nothing! anointed!, whom you deceive by your promises a careless voluptuous life is that their brought... Expression is not a question, but a statement ezekiel 13:18 meaning verses it is specially at! Here particularly reprehended are the furniture of divans a figurative speech, expressing security! Devices and delusions by which sinning is rendered easy, and when did Satan from! Renders it proskephalaia = for the people and kept them in spiritual darkness the singular יד joints my... Women made not any difference trick others into believing they can predict future! Imagery of the Valley of Dry Bones in Ezekiel 13:20 ), from כּסת with!

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