This started the Titanomachy. The Nymphs (nymphai) were minor nature goddesses which populated the earth. In terms of gods, the Greek pantheon consists of 12 deities who were said to reside at Mount Olympus: Zeus, Hera, Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Demeter, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Hermes, and Poseidon. Greek Gods. A107. Nymphs were usually at the service of a God: Dionysus, Pan, Hermes, or huntress Artemis. The list does not include creatures.. A bright, colorful majestic phoenix or a magnetic, alluring siren? Psychopomps, from Greek to mean “Guide of Souls”, are deities who guide the dead to the afterlife. God of the west wind and known as “The West Wind”. Redactor de BuzzFeed, España. First Generation Titans of Greek Mythology . But they’re cultural heroes because they gave humanity something important, usually against the wishes of the other gods. In Britain they are called Nains. Triple Goddesses. I write about LGBT representation in fantasy, worldbuilding, pop culture and the mechanics of paracosms. In his seminal work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces, he discusses what he calls the “monomyth”, the similarities in theme, characters, purpose, and narrative progression of myths from different cultures, at different times, around the world and throughout history. For obvious reasons, these are more often than not the same concept. Greek mythology calls some of these types of gods Daimons, though the general category of personifications is wider. Centaurs, also known as Ixionidae, are mythical creatures in Greek mythology with the torso and head of a human being and the body of a horse. Hephaestus is the obvious Greek example. The Aztec god of … Contrary to popular belief, Thanatos was the Greek god of death, not Hades (a celestial deity of the underworld). Some of the famous nymphs from mythology are Charybdis and Scylla. Metamorphosis also works the other way around, so that human women can be changed into nymphs. In other myths, Gaea wrapped a rock with baby clothes and a blanket with Kronus thinking it was Zeus. Hestia was goddess of the hearth. Heroes or demigods as fourth race of men. Some have numerous. Primordial gods may be the literal aspect of concepts such as day and night, darkness and light, chaos and order, time, death, or even the universe itself. Cultural heroes are often punished by the other gods for these acts, but through their trickery or defiance, allowed humans to prosper. He is bested by Athena in Troy, however, championed by the spartans. Tutelary gods also include the patrons gods of cities, which just as commonly grew into larger figures when cities prospered. Tefnut’s rage caused droughts; her return brought renewed life; and oh, yeah, she was the mother of the gods of the sky and earth, and grandmother of … Greek mythology calls these gods “Rustic” deities. A basic classification of the types of gods as based on the Motif-Index of Folk-Literature, by Stith Thompson: This is often evidenced by the ancestor worship of many ancient and pre-literate cultures – many of whom believed their ancestors had the power to help them from beyond the grave. Right after magic systems. Karna (Hindu) Karna the greatest and legendary fighter of hindu mythology. Later, Zeus, the last child who was not eaten, fed a mixture of wine and honey to Kronus, vomiting his brothers and sisters. The immortals include gods (deities), spirits and giants.Being immortal means that they live forever.The mortals include heroes, kings, Amazons and other people. View all posts by Isaac. Death gods are found in essentially every pantheon. This broad category generally includes two forms of god, the first being what the Romans called Genius, the personal guardian deities every person possesses. The term can also be used to describe the malevolent types of Jinn from Islamic traditions, or more broadly any harmful, malicious or frightening spiritual beings from non-Abrahamic traditions the world over. Their motives are generally unknowable to mortals. Gonggong a destructive water god or monster in Chinese mythology Yellow Dragon of … Or should have, anyway. The titans in the first generation are the aunts, uncles, and parents of Zeus and company — the well-known Olympian gods and goddesses).These titans are the 12 children of the primordial personifications of the earth (Gaia) and the sky (). Alinari/Art Resource, New York The queen goddess of Olympus, Hera was both sister and wife to Zeus. Celestial gods personify or control are the cosmological bodies of the universe. Dionysus was probably a Rustic god originally for similar reasons, but became a craft god for political reasons. Scholar Joseph Campbell notes how mythology is the underlying form of every civilization and the underpinning of each individual’s consciousness. The heroes are probably the best-known part of Greek mythology, but what makes a hero?. Representing things the Greeks deemed as inappropriate for civilized society. A wind god (Anemoi). For example, … The following is a list of male Greek god names. Almost every mythology has at least one primordial god. This grounded approach to the Trojan War may not be as flashy as the others listed here, but it is certainly the most… In Denmark and Norway they are Nisse; Nissen is a Swedish variation. by Guillermo del Palacio. Campbell writes:Campbell’s an… They are often one and the same with trickster deities. Kaladanda - the staff of Death is a special and lethal club used by the God Yama or God of Naraka or Hell in Hindu mythology. I love creating pantheons. Primordial gods exist as the unknowable power that created the world, and came before the more human-like deities that now form the pantheon. Creatures and Monsters from Greek Mythology. But I’ve sat there scratching my head more than once, questioning what different types of gods are absolutely essential for a pantheon. A502. For example, Loki invented nets and gave humans the ability to fish. Building on real world myths will help you create a great fictional mythology. Although they were ranked below the gods, they were still summoned to attend the assemblies of the gods on Olympus. Primordial gods may have some anthropomorphic form, such as the Greek Nyx who dwelt in a physical place, but others may not at all (Gaia is literally the Earth, and Ymir forms the components of universe). I’ve made enough of them over time, and when worldbuilding, it is near the top of my list of worldbuilding essentials. Triple goddesses and death gods are often cyclical in nature. Gods of Darkness and Light (darkness thought of as evil and light as good). God of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order, justice, King of the Gods and the “Father of Gods and men”. Having monsters to fight, that's what. The Dutc… Nature gods are more than simply the gods of natural features (those are tutelary gods, so keep reading). If you still need more inspiration, check out my list of the 9 types of creation myths for your next step. The Nymphs presided over various natural phenomena--from springs, to clouds, trees, caverns, meadows, and beaches. But they represent major elements of the world humans tend to try and explain. Liminal and cyclical deities often overlap with other types of god. Sometimes the lines between these categories get a little blurry (looking at you Athena). Directly in contrast to rustic deities are craft deities. Bulgaria and Albania, however, use Dudje. Which God Or Goddess From Ancient Greek Mythology Are You? Tutelary gods are guardians. This is the Greek word for changing shape, usually into plants or animals, as in the novel by Kafka and the book of mythology by Ovid. Enter your email address to subscribe to the Sorcerer of Tea and receive notifications of new posts by email. If you think I might’ve missed something, let me know in the comments. The gods on Olympus: Athena, Zeus, Dionysus, Hera, and Aphrodite. The amount of detail that is unknown to many people is astonishing. Norse mythology brings us the Norns, Greek mythology has the Moirai (Fates in Latin), and Irish mythology the Morrigan. A liminal deity personifies crossing over, while a cyclical deity embodies the passing of some eternal cycle. Celestial gods may overlap with primordial gods in some way. Fairies of all sorts are common in the fantasy genre, with their attributes and abilities being adapted countless times. Most of us grew up reading Greek myths in school — fantastical tales about gods, goddesses, and mysterious, incredible creatures who are able to perform magical, mystical tasks… If you were one of these mythical creatures, would you be a gentle nymph, or perhaps a powerful hydra? Death is a universal human experience, after all. It was not uncommon for what was originally the tutelary god of a city to become an important part of the pantheon, such as Athena and Athens, or Marduk and Babylon. A510. They had six children, five of which were eaten by Kronus. This list includes Etruscan, Greek, Roman and Norse versions of similar gods and … (Now do you see why I said the titans were really big?) The Triple Goddess is an ancient archetype. The Triple Goddess is an ancient archetype. A triple goddess is a metaphor that is ageless and resonates with any culture. In my spare time, I commit acts of tea sorcery, collect antiques, and work as a Social Media Manager. Greek Mythology. Or the Worldbuilding Magazine’s issue on Mythology. Daughter of the sun god Ra, she was depicted as a lion-headed goddess, occasionally with the body of a serpent. A basic classification of the types of gods as based on the Motif-Index of Folk-Literature, by Stith Thompson:[1], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_deities_by_classification&oldid=975893444, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. But the important distinctions are that these deities probably walk in human form at least sometimes, possess human-like emotions, and control but do not physically make up the thing they personify. The fairies are believed to be descended from supernatural beings from another world who came to this Earth to begin their civilization again. They are the gods of boundaries, change, and cycles. This list includes both major and minor male gods from both Greek and Roman mythology. Quite literally the gods of crafts, but more broadly, the gods who represent civilisation, the achievements of man, and the order it brings. Later, after the gods won, they had children who would also b… The idea of ghosts has been around for thousands of years and is thought to pre-date modern humans. Quite a few belief systems also include a warning of the consequences for fighting against death, or stopping the death god from performing his duties. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), 60 Alternative Words For Mage and Magician, Creation Myths: The Nine Types of Creation Myth. Personifications are often numerous, more minor deities, who are literally aspects of human existence and emotion given an anthropomorphic form. They may include the three stages of Life – the Mother, Maiden and Crone who stand in for youth, adulthood and seniority. Psychopomps may also help the dead accomplish their last deeds, or judge the dead for entry to the afterlife. Death gods may cause death, or may only be there to release the soul from the human body when it passes on. The English term "Demon" typically denotes harmful or malevolent spiritual beings found in Judeo-Christian religious traditions. At the end of the day, Ares is the God of War and there is nothing worse than that. Germans name them Erdmanleins, except in the Alpine areas, where they are called Heinzemannchens. Asian dragons Azure Dragon a dragon that represents the east and the spring season, in Chinese mythology and one of the Four Symbols... Dragon Kings a water and weather god in Chinese mythology. Zephyrus. Typhon. This page was last edited on 31 August 2020, at 00:47. Greek God Names - A to Z. They generally are the gods or spirits of emotions (like fear, lust, hate, revenge), humans conditions (old age, war), or sins (hubris, greed, or gluttony). Famously, Anubis leads the dead to the afterlife in Egyptian mythology and Charon is ferryman of the dead in Greek myths. Sometimes, these gods are also primordial deities – in Egyptian myth, Ptah is god of crafting and also creator of the universe, and in Babylonian mythology, Mummu fills the same role. Gada - A mace used by the Monkey God Hanuman. Origin of the culture hero (demigod). Many people can name at least some of the major Greek deities, but the list of gods in … Zeus. He is the … Gandiva - An indestructible bow with 100 strings created by Brahma and later used by Arjuna. The Norse gods are divided into 2 major groups, the Aesir and Vanir, plus the giants, … Prometheus stole fire from Zeus and taught how to make it to humans. Many religions have a triple deity of some sort, but the triple goddesses are generally rulers or foretellers of fate in some manner. But they provide a great baseline to decide on the different types of gods you might want to include in your pantheon. So they’re overwhelmingly common. Greek Mythology >> Nymphs NYMPHS. List of legendary creatures by type; List of mythology books and sources; List of mythological objects; List of culture heroes; List of world folk-epics; Lists of deities; Lists of legendary creatures; National myth; Mythopoeia This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 20:24 (UTC). Types of Gods. The Polish call they by the familar Gnom. The first gods Olympians born to Titans Kronus and Rhea. But ultimately, they are responsible for cutting that tie in some manner. I won’t claim every pantheon in the real world has every one of these types of god, or that you have to include them all. This is an index to deities of the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world, listed by type of deity. Anansi won all the stories in the world from Nyame, and shared them. These gods created the universe in some type of creation myth or another. As one of the most popular Greek monsters in mythology, centaurs are known as the children of Nephele (a cloud created in Hera’s image) and Ixion, a king of Lapiths, the most ancient tribe of Thessaly. When making this list, I gave serious … The second type of tutelary deity are the guardians of the world around us, such as river deities, mountain gods, forest gods (In Slavic mythology Leshy is tutelary god of the woods), and even minor tutelary spirits such as the nymphs of specific springs or woods in Greek mythology. For example the passing of the seasons (Persephone‘s movement back and forth from the underworld causing spring), the stages of life (the Mother, Maiden and Crone), and Ra, as he dies and is reborn with the sun every day. (This list sometimes also includes Hades or Hestia ). Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks.That the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th century bce.In general, however, in the popular piety of the… Athena represented useful crafts such as weaving. I'm an incurably Australian writer, worldbuilder and nerd. Are you more Aphrodite or Ares? They are most often elder deities, who predate human civilization, and represent animalistic desires and instincts. The word “nymph” derives from a Greek word νύμφη which means "bride" and "veiled" or a young woman for marriage. This is an index of lists of deities of the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world. For example, Pan is the Greek god of revelry, the wilds and lust. Hated by all Olympian Gods and despised by his father Zues he is the underdog god in greek mythology. Confronted by: Zeus. Known from: The Theogony. In Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia, Gnomes are called Mano. Without further ado, lets jump into the 11 different types of gods you probably have in your pantheon. Majin (often mistranslated as demons) are demonic and magical jinn from modern japanese media and they have various types such as ushi majin (bovid jinn), neko majin (felid-formed jinn), usagi majin (lagomorph jinn) and ryu majin (dragon jinn). Halayudha - A plough used as a weapon by Balarama. Cultural heroes are found in practically every religion. These include the sun (such as Apollo), the moon (Selene), stars (Asteria), the planets, the heavens or underworld. There are certain types of gods that are near universal in real mythology. BuzzFeed Quiz … Among the most prominent deities in Mesoamerican cultures, Quetzalcoatl, or “Feathered Serpent,” was a mix of bird and rattlesnake (coatl is the Nahuatl word for serpent). Tontti to the Finns and Foddenskkmaend is their name in Iceland. Karna is greater than … The god of dedication, emulation, eager rivalry, envy, jealousy, and zeal. They include Ymir from Norse mythology, Pangu in Chinese mythology, or Chaos in the Greek creation myth. This is a list of gods, goddesses, people and other figures from Greek mythology.They are sorted into sections below. Detail of a painting on a Greek cup; in the National Archaeological Museum, Tarquinia, Italy. Many religions have a triple deity of … Who Guide the dead accomplish their last deeds, or may only there., New York the queen goddess of Olympus, Hera, and represent animalistic desires and instincts at you )... 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